Bone density test is used to detect osteoporosis. It is a disorder that is characterized by bones that are more fragile and more likely to break. Generally, it measures how many grams of calcium and other bone minerals are packed together into a segment of a bone. This test is most commonly done in the spine, hip and sometimes the forearm.

If you are wondering, what’s that specific reason for the bone density test? The list follows-

  • It identifies the decrease in bone density just before you can break a bone.
  • It effectively determines the risk of your broken bones(i.e.; fractures)
  • This specific test can confirm osteoporosis.

Bone Mineral Test also helps to monitor the treatment of osteoporosis.

Let’s get it straight, The higher the bone mineral content, the denser the bones are. If you have denser bones, know that you have stronger bones. Give yourself a pat, as these stronger bones are less likely to break.

Not to forget, bone density tests differ from bone scans. Abnormalities such as fractures, cancer and other infections can be seen in the bone scan test. This type of test requires an injection to rule out any abnormalities present.

Your doctor can request you for a bone density test regardless of your age, sex etc. Well, it is believed that it is more common in women than  in men.

Take certain kinds of drugs- if you are on long-term use of steroids such as -prednisone, then you are at a risk of developing osteoporosis. This kind of drug certainly interferes with the bone rebuilding process.

 Drops in your hormone level-The natural drop in hormones during the menopause may cause weak bones. Low sex hormones can result in weak bones too.

You will be asked to lie down on a padded form. Deep breaths will make the process easy, and a medical arm will pass over the body of the patient.

Well,  the results of the bone density test vary in two numbers such as the T-score and Z-Score. To be noted, that your T-score is your bone density, which is normally compared to a healthy young adult of your sex.Whereas, Z- score is the number of standard deviation for what’s normal for someone of your age, sex and weight.

Conclusion-You must be well-equipped with the fact that bone density can vary from one location of the body to another. For instance, Measurement of your heel is not an accurate predictor for the fracture in spine or hip. This test usually takes around 20~30 minutes, and it doesn’t emit much radiation. It is a safe process which does not emit radiation more than a chest x-ray. There is no preparation needed for this test. But remember that you are not supposed to take calcium supplements for at least 24 hours before your bone density test. Before going in for the test, make sure to leave your jewellery or metal objects at home.